1;3409;0c A new idiom recognition framework for exploiting hardware-assist instructions

A new idiom recognition framework for exploiting hardware-assist instructions

ACM SIGOPS Operating Systems Review, vol. 40, no. 5, 2006
Pages: 382-393DOI: 10.1145/1168917.1168905



Modern processors support hardware-assist instructions (such as TRT and TROT instructions on IBM zSeries) to accelerate certain functions such as delimiter search and character conversion. Such special instructions have often been used in high performance libraries, but they have not been exploited well in optimizing compilers except for some limited cases. We propose a new idiom recognition technique derived from a topological embedding algorithm [4] to detect idiom patterns in the input program more aggressively than in previous approaches. Our approach can detect a pattern even if the code segment does not exactly match the idiom. For example, we can detect a code segment that includes additional code within the idiom pattern. We implemented our new idiom recognition approach based on the Java Just-In-Time (JIT) compiler that is part of the J9 Java Virtual Machine, and we supported several important idioms for special hardware-assist instructions on the IBM zSeries and on some models of the IBM pSeries. To demonstrate the effectiveness of our technique, we performed two experiments. The first one is to see how many more patterns we can detect compared to the previous approach. The second one is to see how much performance improvement we can achieve over the previous approach. For the first experiment, we used the Java Compatibility Kit (JCK) API tests. For the second one we used IBM XML parser, SPECjvm98, and SPCjbb2000. In summary, relative to a baseline implementation using exact pattern matching, our algorithm converted 75% more loops in JCK tests. We also observed significant performance improvement of the XML parser by 64%, of SPECjvm98 by 1%, and of SPECjbb2000 by 2% on average on a z990. Finally, we observed the JIT compilation time increases by only 0.32% to 0.44%.