1;3409;0c Exploiting Jamming-Caused Neighbor Changes for Jammer Localization

Exploiting Jamming-Caused Neighbor Changes for Jammer Localization

IEEE Transactions on Parallel and Distributed Systems, vol. 23, no. 3, 2012
Pages: 547-555DOI: 10.1109/TPDS.2011.154



Jamming attacks are especially harmful when ensuring the dependability of wireless communication. Finding the position of a jammer will enable the network to actively exploit a wide range of defense strategies. In this paper, we focus on developing mechanisms to localize a jammer by exploiting neighbor changes. We first conduct jamming effect analysis to examine how the communication range alters with the jammer's location and transmission power using free-space model. Then, we show that a node's affected communication range can be estimated purely by examining its neighbor changes caused by jamming attacks and thus, we can perform the jammer location estimation by solving a least-squares (LSQ) problem that exploits the changes of communication range. Compared with our previous iterative-search-based virtual force algorithm, our LSQ-based algorithm exhibits lower computational cost (i.e., one step instead of iterative searches) and higher localization accuracy. Furthermore, we analyze the localization challenges in real systems by building the log-normal shadowing model empirically and devising an adaptive LSQ-based algorithm to address those challenges. The extensive evaluation shows that the adaptive LSQ-based algorithm can effectively estimate the location of the jammer even in a highly complex propagation environment.